Cannabis Legalization in Canada, Everything You Need to Know

Cannabis Legalization in Canada, Everything You Need to Know

Cannabis Legalization in Canada is just around the corner and the expected Canada legalization date 2018 for recreational use is August or September. Everyone from all over the country are confused with plenty of questions. Here is a summary of what is known so far, all in one place. The Chronic Beaver will keep this article updated as we learn more.

Last Updated: March 5, 2018

This Article Covers:

  • Bill C-45 – that legalizes cannabis across the country, with the current state of cannabis policies
  • Provincial breakdown – including; age, where to buy, grow your own, where to smoke, with notes and useful links
  • Cannabis at work
  • Smoking marijuana in accomodation rentals
  • Edible products
  • Links to official information about cannabis in Canada legalization
Bill C-45, which will legalize cannabis across the country, largely leaves it up to the provinces and territories to determine how marijuana can be sold and used. Below, we take a look at the current state of these pot policies.

Current State of Cannabis Policies:

  • Ontario is the only province that has passed its marijuana law. Other provinces and territories are in various stages of completing theirs, so much of the below information is subject to change. Saskatchewan and Nunavut have been excluded from our reefer roundup as both have yet to unveil even partial pot plans.
  • In every province and territory, the federally-mandated public possession limit of 30 grams of dried cannabis has been maintained, though some provinces, like Quebec and Alberta, will permit you to keep more at home.
  • With the exception of Manitoba, all jurisdictions have opted to keep their legal dope-smoking ages in line with those for drinking alcohol.
  • Bill C-45 allows individuals to grow up to four marijuana plants per residence, though some provinces, like Manitoba and Quebec, plan to ban home cultivation.
  • Provincial and territorial plans vary widely on whether you’ll be able to smoke in public.
  • Provinces and territories also differ on whether pot shops will be publicly or privately owned. For those opting for publicly-owned stores, these will be operated by provincial Crown corporations that sell liquor. In some cases, provinces have even created subsidiaries of these companies with names like CannabisNB and the Ontario Cannabis Retail Corporation. Unless otherwise noted, these will be standalone stores wholly separate from those that sell alcohol.

Cannabis in Canada new leaf


Provincial Breakdown:

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
  • Age: 19+
  • Where to buy: Privately-run liquor stores and government-operated online sales.
  • Grow your own?: Up to four plants.
  • Where to smoke?: On private property and in private residences. Smoking will also be allowed on trails, highways, streets, roads and in parks when they are not in use for public events.
  • Other notes: Cannabis will initially be sold through liquor stores. Individual communities will be able to enact cannabis restrictions and/or prohibitions. Landlords will also be able to declare their properties smoke-free.
  • Useful links: GNWT Cannabis Legislation

YUKON

BRITISH COLUMBIA
 ALBERTA

SASKATCHEWAN

The province has not publicized cannabis legalization plans yet. But the attorney general recently responded to Ontario’s framework by saying Saskatchewan would likely take a different approach. Its proposed regulations will be introduced in the spring of 2018.

MANITOBA

ONTARIO

  • Age: 19+
  • Where to buy: Government-operated storefronts and online sales.
  • Grow your own?: Up to four plants.
  • Where to smoke?: Only on private property and in private residences.
  • Other notes: 40 cannabis stores will be open post July, 2018. 150 will be in operation by 2020.
  • Useful links: Approach to cannabis legalization, Ontario consultation report

QUEBEC

  • Age: 18+
  • Where to buy: Government-operated storefronts and online sales.
  • Grow your own?: Not permitted.
  • Where to smoke?: Only where tobacco may be smoked, with the exception of university and CEGEP campuses.
  • Other notes: 15 cannabis stores will be open post July. 150 will be in operation by 2020. Users will be able to keep up to 150 grams at home.
  • Useful links: Regulation of cannabis in QuebecQuebec bill on regulation of cannabis

NEW BRUNSWICK

  • Age: 19+
  • Where to buy: Government-operated storefronts and online sales.
  • Grow your own?: Up to four plants.
  • Where to smoke?: Only on private property and in private residences.
  • Other notes: 20 cannabis stores will be open post July, 2018. No possession limits in private residences. All cannabis must be securely locked up at home.
  • Report of the Working Group on the Legalization of Cannabis (.PDF)

NOVA SCOTIA

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR


Cannabis in Canada at the Workplace

Cannabis at Work

Smoking Marijuana in Accommodation Rentals

  • It remains unclear if landlords will be able to prohibit tenants from smoking marijuana in rental properties.
  • Landlords are also concerned about tenants growing marijuana, which could lead to increased electricity usage and the spread of damaging mould.
  • Real estate lawyers are currently looking to tobacco-smoking rules for guidance. While landlords cannot retroactively prohibit smoking tobacco in rental units, they can include such restrictions in new leases. It is unclear if such existing restrictions will be applicable to marijuana once it becomes legal. Landlords are also currently able to take action on cigarette smoking if migrating smoke bothers others in a property. Court rulings regarding such cases, however, have been inconsistent.
  • Saskatchewan, Yukon and the Northwest Territories have proposed laws that would allow landlords to ban using marijuana on their properties. Only time will tell if courts will offer landlords those same rights in other jurisdictions.

Cannabis in Canada Edibles

Edible Products

Links to Official Information About Cannabis in Canada Legalization


Source: CTV News

COMMENTS

WORDPRESS: 1
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    We host a podcast on Canadian law basics for the layperson, and for the curious, break down the federal/provincial division of powers in this episode: http://www.certificate.queenslaw.ca/2018/01/09/marijuana-legalization-federal-provincial-relationship-fundamentals-canadian-law-podcast-004/